By On Tuesday, October 31st, 2017 Categories : Psychology

One’s capability to act or to influence the behavior of others. Power may be described in both private and interpersonal phrases. In the primary sense, it refers to one’s bodily, highbrow, or ethical ability to behave. In the second, it denotes the potential to influence the conduct of others. Philosophers have frequently defined strength as an quintessential aspect of human lifestyles. Psychologist Harry Stack Sullivan (1892-1949) has claimed that power is a extra important motivation than starvation or thirst. Rollo May has written about strength in terms of person human capability, relating to the roots of the word “electricity” inside the Latin word posse, which means “to have the ability.” May distinguishes among 5 degrees of intrapsychic strength. The maximum fundamental degree, the electricity to be, is actually the strength to exist, that is threatened if one is denied the fundamental situations of human sustenance. The second stage, self-affirmation, goes beyond mere survival and includes reputation and esteem with the aid of others, at the same time as the third, self-declaration, refers to the more strenuous confirmation of one’s lifestyles that is required in the face of competition. The subsequent degree of electricity, aggression,develops when one’s get admission to to other varieties of self-announcement is blocked. In contrast to self-statement, which May perspectives as basically defensive, aggression entails the active pursuit of power or territory.


The endpoint in May’s continuum of power is violence, which, in contrast to the other tiers, is divorced from purpose and verbal persuasion. Power in its other sense—that of power over others—is a essential characteristic of all relationships, whether each birthday celebration has a sure diploma of electricity over the alternative (which is normally the case) or all of the power resides with one birthday celebration. Power may be based on pressure, mentioned understanding, the possession of particular records that human beings need, the capability to reward others, or legitimization (the notion that one has the proper to exercise it). Other bases for electricity encompass identification with people who wield it and reciprocity (indebtedness to the wielder of energy for offering a prior benefit of a few type). May has defined diverse styles of interpersonal power, ranging from harmful to useful: exploitative (characterized entirely with the aid of brute force); manipulative (various sorts of power over some other individual); aggressive (energy against another); nurturing (energy for any other individual); and integrative (energy with another man or woman).